Everyone has never had bruises, and it is quite normal. However, if they appear frequently and for no reason, it could be a disease that should be evaluated by a doctor as soon as possible.
Bruises come out every time we hit ourselves as blood vessels in the affected area break, thus leaving blood trapped under the skin. They can also be caused by excessive efforts such as physical overtraining. However, there are people to whom these bruises arise without suffering an accident or wear.
Suppose this happens repeatedly, and when you wake up in the morning, you wake up with one or another new purple spot on your skin. In that case, it can only mean that something is wrong with your body and that you need to see an expert who can determine what is going on, as they can mean many things.
According to physiologist James Keith Fisher (via Healthline ), the reasons vary, ranging from drug use or lack of nutrients to cancer risk.
These are some of the reasons or diseases for which bruises appear without having to hit yourself or overexert yourself with exercise:
James Keith Fisher explains that anticoagulant medications such as aspirin, ibuprofen, or naproxen affect blood clotting. If they are ingested in excess, they cause small leaks in the vessels, which leads to bruises.
2. Nutrient deficiency
When there is an iron deficiency in the body, the health of the blood cells is lost, and also, if vitamin K is scarce, there will be worse coagulation. It is important to consume foods high in these two nutrients.
3. Von Willebrand disease
This disease is a genetic condition that severely affects coagulation. It can cause excessive bleeding that also lasts a long time. On the other hand, it generates bruises of all sizes that take a long time to disappear.
Unlike the previous one, this disease generates fairly rapid coagulation due to the excessive proliferation of elements such as iron.
5. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
According to the physiologist, this is a rare disease but cannot be left out of context. It usually presents small painless lumps in areas such as the armpit, groin, or neck, which should be attended to immediately.
This lymphoma is a type of cancer that reduces the number of platelets in the body, causing the blood not to clot properly, which leads to bleeding and bruising.
6. Hemophilia A and B
This genetic condition prevents blood from clotting naturally due to the lack of two elements known as Factor VIII and Factor IX. It manifests itself by causing severe pain in the joints and extreme and spontaneous bleeding.
7. Cushing’s syndrome
This syndrome is caused by high levels of cortisol in the blood. A person with a lot of stress, a fast-paced lifestyle, or who frequently takes corticosteroid medications will have thin skin, leading to frequent bruising.
This name refers to any disorder that generates an abnormal low of platelets in the body.
It can have three causes: breakdown of platelets in the bloodstream increased study of platelets in the spleen and liver, or insufficient production of platelets in the bone marrow.
It is common for patients with Lupus to suffer from vasculitis, which inflames all the blood vessels, capillaries, arterioles or venules, and arteries or veins.
Vasculitis causes blood vessels to break and bruise without a bump or injury.