Climate change will melt Arctic sea ice completely in thirty years if nothing is done (rising water levels, accelerated ocean warming, etc.). It is a fascinating continent of ice, but we know little about it. To correct this mistake, here are 8 incredible facts about the North Pole (we won’t show heartbreaking pictures of polar bears, promise).
Fact #1: the North Pole does not have an earth
Amazingly, the sea ice at the North Pole rests solely on the ocean. The Arctic is indeed devoid of land. Ice thickness varies from two to three meters. However, there are significant fluctuations, which means this isn’t an absolute rule.
Fact #2: In the Soviet Union, the first research camp was established at the North Pole
World War II began, and the USSR established the first research camp at the North Pole. In total, there were four Soviet scientists involved in the mission. The Arctic was made only of ice plates, and the base drifted throughout the mission. So, the installation will have travelled 2600 km in the frozen waters of the Arctic!
Fact #3: What was the first country to reach the North Pole?
Humanity’s first ascent of the earth has been the subject of some controversy for centuries. A pair of American explorations have long been remembered: Frederick Cook’s exploration in 1908 and Robert Peary’s exploration in 1909. Some historians, however, suggest the pioneers exaggerated or miscalculated their route. During the winter of 1926-1927, Italian Umberto Nobile and Norwegian Roald Amundsen reached the North Pole via airship.
Fact #4: The North Pole runs its marathon
A North Pole Marathon is an extreme foot race on Arctic sea ice. Using a maximum of twenty athletes, the competition is not for the timid. The registration fee may demotivate thrill-seekers because you must pay no less than 20000 euros to participate in the event. On the program was a 42 km race in the polar cold (-70 degrees in strong winds). Thomas Maguire holds the competition record with a time of 3 hours 36 minutes and 10 seconds with a time of 3 hours 36 minutes and 10 seconds in 2007.
Fact #5: The North Pole is in what time zone?
Since the North Pole has no official time zone, there is an official time zone. Even if the Arctic is contentious, it doesn’t belong to any country. Due to the absence of a permanent camp, there is no need to establish a reference time. The people who go there use the time of the geographical area.
Fact #6: The flag of discord
It was in 2007 that two Russian submarines submerged beneath the North Pole. They planted a one-meter-long Russian flag there. It was a symbolic act of appropriation by Russia of the Arctic. The development of these natural resources (oil and gas in particular) is the subject of tensions between the countries of the Arctic Circle. The Canadian and Danish governments protested following the event due to their views on the North Pole.
Moreover, global warming further heightens geopolitical frictions. Melting the ice allows access to previously inaccessible resources. In addition, tensions are not likely to decrease anytime soon since there may be no more pack ice at the North Pole in thirty years.
Fact #7: One sun rises, and one sun sets each year
At the top of the globe, the polar regions are the most affected by the change in the earth’s inclination over the year. Over the Arctic, the sun rises once at the vernal equinox on March 20 and sets once on September 22. At the North Pole, there is only one long day, each lasting 6 months.
Fact #8: There is no such place as the North Pole.
On this list of amazing facts about the North Pole, we lied to you a little by saying that permanent camps are not established on ice floes. Christmas is indeed the most important event in the Arctic year-round. Our imaginary installation is a tribute to American painter Thomas Nast. The illustrator and other artists contributed to the evolution of Saint-Nicolas in 1863 into the Santa Claus we know today. Why there? The general public’s interest would have inspired Thomas Nast in polar exploration at the end of the 19th century.